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Linux添加新磁盘及挂载

XAMPP教程 中文小张 266浏览 0评论

查看磁盘
以 root用户登录,执行 fdisk-lu查看所有磁盘信息
$ fdisk -lu
创建分区
进入磁盘 /dev/sdb命令: fdisk/dev/sdb 输入m 查看命令帮助如下:

$ fdisk /dev/sdb

root@lt-PC:/# fdisk /dev/sdb

Welcome to fdisk (util-linux 2.29.2).

Changes will remain in memory only, until you decide to write them.

Be careful before using the write command.

Device does not contain a recognized partition table.

Created a new DOS disklabel with disk identifier 0x886fa276.

Command (m for help): m

Help:

DOS (MBR)

a   toggle a bootable flag

b   edit nested BSD disklabel

c   toggle the dos compatibility flag

Generic

d   delete a partition

F   list free unpartitioned space

l   list known partition types

n   add a new partition

p   print the partition table

t   change a partition type

v   verify the partition table

i   print information about a partition

Misc

m   print this menu

u   change display/entry units

x   extra functionality (experts only)

Script

I   load disk layout from sfdisk script file

O   dump disk layout to sfdisk script file

Save & Exit

w   write table to disk and exit

q   quit without saving changes

Create a new label

g   create a new empty GPT partition table

G   create a new empty SGI (IRIX) partition table

o   create a new empty DOS partition table

s   create a new empty Sun partition table

输入 n 进行分区:
==一定记得输入w才能保存分区更改==
查看新增分区 /dev/sdb1

$ fdisk -l

格式化

$ mkfs.ext4 /dev/sdb1

挂载
建立 /opt/app目录

$ mkdir /opt/app

挂载

$ mount /dev/sdb1 /opt/app

查看

$ df -h

配置开机自动挂载

$ vim /etc/fstab

后面追加一行:

/dev/sdb1(磁盘分区)  /opt/app(挂载目录) ext4(文件格式)defaults  0  0

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